Relativity visualized

Space Time Travel

Film Directory

Motion near the cosmic speed limit

bewegung
Rulers (0.7 c)
In section: Does an extremely fast object look shortened?
MPEG1 320×240 (823 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (2.0 MB)
bewegung
Rulers (0.7 c)
In section: Does an extremely fast object look shortened?
MPEG1 320×240 (790 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (1.8 MB)
bewegung
Rod (0.9 c)
In section: Does an extremely fast object look shortened?
MPEG1 320×240 (604 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (1.5 MB)
bewegung
Expanding sphere
In section: The near side: facing us yet invisible
MPEG1 320×240 (364 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (1.9 MB)
bewegung
Expanding sphere (initial phase)
In section: The near side: facing us yet invisible
MPEG1 320×240 (348 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (1.7 MB)
bewegung
Approaching lattice (slow)
In section: Fast objects seen nearby
MPEG1 320×240 (409 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (4.3 MB)
bewegung
Approaching lattice (0.9 c)
In section: Fast objects seen nearby
MPEG1 320×240 (436 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (5.0 MB)
bewegung
Receding lattice (0.9 c)
In section: Fast objects seen nearby
MPEG1 320×240 (774 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (12.9 MB)
bewegung
Rod (0.9 c)
In section: Fast objects seen nearby
MPEG1 320×240 (796 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (2.6 MB)
bewegung
Approaching lattice (slow)
In section: Color and brightness
MPEG1 320×240 (407 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (4.3 MB)
bewegung
Approaching lattice (0.9 c)
In section: Color and brightness
MPEG1 320×240 (395 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (3.5 MB)
bewegung
Receding lattice (0.9 c)
In section: Color and brightness
MPEG1 320×240 (718 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (2.6 MB)

The Ball is Round

fussball
Soccer ball
In section: The Ball is Round
MPEG1 320×240 (339 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (980 kB)
fussball
Soccer ball - 90% of the speed of light
In section: The Ball is Round
MPEG1 320×240 (397 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (1.1 MB)
fussball
Soccer ball - 99% of the speed of light
In section: The Ball is Round
MPEG1 320×240 (397 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (1.3 MB)
fussball
Soccer ball - 90% of the speed of light, length contraction omitted
In section: The Ball is Round
MPEG1 320×240 (428 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (1.4 MB)
fussball
Light travel times
In section: The Ball is Round
MPEG1 320×240 (120 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (311 kB)
fussball
Rod - 90% of the speed of light
In section: The Ball is Round
MPEG1 320×240 (481 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (1.2 MB)
fussball
Rod - 90% of the speed of light
In section: The Ball is Round
MPEG1 320×240 (796 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (2.6 MB)
fussball
Bisected spheres - 99% of the speed of light
In section: The Ball is Round
MPEG1 320×240 (1.1 MB), MPEG1 640×480 (5.2 MB)

Sights that Einstein could not yet see - visualization of relativistic effects

tompkins
tompkins
Sphere (length contracted at 0.95 c)
In section: What does an object look like when moving at nearly the speed of light?
MPEG1 (245 kB)
tompkins
Sphere (Visual appearance at 0.95 c)
In section: What does an object look like when moving at nearly the speed of light?
MPEG1 (217 kB)
tompkins
Sphere (Visual appearance at 0.95 c without length contraction)
In section: What does an object look like when moving at nearly the speed of light?
MPEG1 (337 kB)
tompkins
Moving cubes
In section: Rotation
MPEG1 320×240 (890 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (3.1 MB)
tompkins
Fly by of Saturn
In section: Distortion
MPEG1 (1.4 MB)
tompkins
Approaching lattice (slow)
In section: Distortion
MPEG1 320×240 (409 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (4.3 MB)
tompkins
Approaching lattice (0.9 c)
In section: Distortion
MPEG1 320×240 (436 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (5.0 MB)
tompkins
Receding lattice (0.9 c)
In section: Distortion
MPEG1 320×240 (774 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (12.9 MB)
tompkins
Rod (0.9 c)
In section: Distortion
MPEG1 320×240 (796 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (2.6 MB)
tompkins
Rod (0.9 c)
In section: Distortion
MPEG1 320×240 (604 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (1.5 MB)
tompkins
Sun fly by
In section: Changes in colour and brightness
MPEG1 (1.3 MB)
tompkins
Rolling wheel (0.93 c, view from the front)
In section: Static, rotating and rolling wheels
MPEG1 320×240 (892 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (7.9 MB)
tompkins
Rolling wheel (0.93 c, view from the left)
In section: Static, rotating and rolling wheels
MPEG1 320×240 (1.0 MB), MPEG1 640×480 (10.2 MB)
tompkins
Rolling wheel (0.93 c, view from the right)
In section: Static, rotating and rolling wheels
MPEG1 320×240 (444 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (4.1 MB)

Rolling Wheels

rad
Rolling wheel (0.93 c, right view)
In section: Rolling Wheels
MPEG1 320×240 (444 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (4.1 MB)
rad
Rolling wheel (0.93 c, front view)
In section: Rolling Wheels
MPEG1 320×240 (892 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (7.9 MB)
rad
Rolling wheel (0.93 c, left view)
In section: Rolling Wheels
MPEG1 320×240 (1.0 MB), MPEG1 640×480 (10.2 MB)
rad
Rolling wheel (0.93 c, rotation around vertical axis)
In section: Rolling Wheels
MPEG1 320×240 (412 kB)

Brightness and color of rapidly moving objects: The visual appearance of a large sphere revisited

sphere
Flight past the sun
In section: Supplement
MPEG1 320×240 (548 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (1.1 MB)
sphere
Flight past the sun
In section: Supplement
MPEG1 320×240 (1.1 MB), MPEG1 640×480 (2.2 MB)
sphere
Flight past the sun
In section: Supplement
MPEG1 320×240 (1.0 MB), MPEG1 640×480 (2.3 MB)

Through the city at nearly the speed of light

tuebingen
Sprint
In section: Through the city at nearly the speed of light
Quicktime (1.4 MB), AVI (1.7 MB)
tuebingen
Round trip
In section: Through the city at nearly the speed of light
Quicktime (7.3 MB), AVI (4.2 MB)
tuebingen
Moving pinhole camera
In section: Riding along the Marktgasse
MPEG1 320×240 (270 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (675 kB)

Visual observations in high speed flight

aur
Flight through the Brandenburg gate (slowly)
In section: Two snapshots taken in high speed flight
MPEG1 320×240 (712 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (9.9 MB)
aur
Flight through the Brandenburg gate (0.9 c)
In section: Two snapshots taken in high speed flight
MPEG1 320×240 (708 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (7.0 MB)
aur
Flight through the Brandenburg gate (0.99 c)
In section: Two snapshots taken in high speed flight
MPEG1 320×240 (708 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (7.2 MB)
aur
Moving pinhole camera
In section: Simple explanation by means of a moving pinhole camera
MPEG1 320×240 (270 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (675 kB)

Accelerated motion

beschleunigt
Accelerating to 90% of the speed of light
In section: Accelerated motion
MPEG1 320×240 (440 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (5.7 MB)
beschleunigt
Accelerating to 0.9% of the speed of light
In section: Accelerated motion
MPEG1 320×240 (487 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (5.3 MB)

Flight through a Wormhole

wurmlochflug
Flight through a wormhole (short)
In section: Flight through a Wormhole
MPEG1 320×240 (2.1 MB), MPEG1 640×480 (20.1 MB)
wurmlochflug
Flight through a wormhole (long)
In section: Flight through a Wormhole
MPEG1 320×240 (9.6 MB), MPEG4 640×480 (47.2 MB)

The "Real" Einstein Ring

einsteinring
The real einstein ring
In section: The Real Einstein Ring
MPEG1 320×240 (88 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (913 kB)

Röntgenpulsare

xpulsar06
Entstehung der Pulsformen (ohne Lichtablenkung)
In section: Herkunft der Strahlung, Lichtablenkung
MPEG1 320×240 (286 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (1.7 MB)
xpulsar06
Entstehung der Pulsformen (mit Lichtablenkung)
In section: Herkunft der Strahlung, Lichtablenkung
MPEG1 320×240 (294 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (2.6 MB)
xpulsar06
Reprozessierung
In section: Reprozessierung
MPEG1 320×240 (294 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (1.3 MB)
xpulsar06
Hohle Akkretionssäule
In section: Akkretionsstrom
MPEG1 320×240 (288 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (1.4 MB)
xpulsar06
Akkretionsvorhang
In section: Akkretionsstrom
MPEG1 320×240 (299 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (2.1 MB)
xpulsar06
Versetzte Pole
In section: Ein verzerrtes magnetisches Dipolfeld?
MPEG1 320×240 (299 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (2.1 MB)

Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime

ssm
Neutron star
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG1 320×240 (1.2 MB), MPEG1 640×480 (10.9 MB)
ssm
Orbiting a massless sphere
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG1 320×240 (929 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (4.7 MB)
ssm
Orbiting a neutron star
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG1 320×240 (929 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (6.2 MB)
ssm
Ring around a black hole
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG1 320×240 (1.3 MB), MPEG1 640×480 (10.0 MB)
ssm
Rotating ring
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG1 320×240 (915 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (10.3 MB)
ssm
Rotating ring around a black hole
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG1 320×240 (935 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (13.5 MB)
ssm
Massless sphere with accretion column
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG1 320×240 (937 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (6.1 MB)
ssm
Massless sphere with accretion column
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG1 320×240 (669 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (6.0 MB)
ssm
Neutron star with accretion column
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG1 320×240 (929 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (9.0 MB)
ssm
Neutron star with accretion column
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG1 320×240 (917 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (12.8 MB)
ssm
Gravitational collapse of a neutron star
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG1 320×240 (782 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (7.1 MB)
ssm
Gravitational collapse of a neutron star
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG1 320×240 (1.1 MB), MPEG1 640×480 (12.0 MB)

Sector Models - A Toolkit for Teaching General Relativity. Part 1: Curved Spaces and Spacetimes

sectormodels1
Euclidean Space
In section: Online Resources
MPEG1 320×240 (1.0 MB), MPEG1 640×480 (2.4 MB)
sectormodels1
Black Hole
In section: Online Resources
MPEG1 320×240 (1.3 MB), MPEG1 640×480 (3.1 MB)

First-person visualizations of the special and general theory of relativity

ejpvis
Moving cubes
In section: Supplement
MPEG1 320×240 (890 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (3.1 MB)
ejpvis
Moving pinhole camera
In section: Supplement
MPEG1 320×240 (270 kB), MPEG1 640×480 (675 kB)

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Authors: Ute Kraus, Corvin Zahn, Date: 2016-12-19 07:55:07
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All contents copyright (C) 2001-2016 Ute Kraus, Corvin Zahn. All rights reserved. For more information see Copyright.