Relativity visualized

Space Time Travel

Film Directory

Motion near the cosmic speed limit

bewegung
Rulers (0.7 c)
In section: Does an extremely fast object look shortened?
MPEG4 320×240 (81 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (133 kB)
bewegung
Rulers (0.7 c)
In section: Does an extremely fast object look shortened?
MPEG4 320×240 (67 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (90 kB)
bewegung
Rod (0.9 c)
In section: Does an extremely fast object look shortened?
MPEG4 320×240 (43 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (72 kB)
bewegung
Expanding sphere
In section: The near side: facing us yet invisible
MPEG4 320×240 (109 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (221 kB)
bewegung
Expanding sphere (initial phase)
In section: The near side: facing us yet invisible
MPEG4 320×240 (101 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (189 kB)
bewegung
Approaching lattice (slow)
In section: Fast objects seen nearby
MPEG4 320×240 (343 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (680 kB)
bewegung
Approaching lattice (0.9 c)
In section: Fast objects seen nearby
MPEG4 320×240 (438 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (1.0 MB)
bewegung
Receding lattice (0.9 c)
In section: Fast objects seen nearby
MPEG4 320×240 (1.0 MB), MPEG4 640×480 (2.9 MB)
bewegung
Rod (0.9 c)
In section: Fast objects seen nearby
MPEG4 320×240 (89 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (153 kB)
bewegung
Approaching lattice (slow)
In section: Color and brightness
MPEG4 320×240 (285 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (505 kB)
bewegung
Approaching lattice (0.9 c)
In section: Color and brightness
MPEG4 320×240 (254 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (620 kB)
bewegung
Receding lattice (0.9 c)
In section: Color and brightness
MPEG4 320×240 (192 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (476 kB)

The Ball is Round

fussball
Soccer ball
In section: The Ball is Round
MPEG4 320×240 (56 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (113 kB)
fussball
Soccer ball - 90% of the speed of light
In section: The Ball is Round
MPEG4 320×240 (70 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (146 kB)
fussball
Soccer ball - 99% of the speed of light
In section: The Ball is Round
MPEG4 320×240 (83 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (169 kB)
fussball
Soccer ball - 90% of the speed of light, length contraction omitted
In section: The Ball is Round
MPEG4 320×240 (86 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (183 kB)
fussball
Light travel times
In section: The Ball is Round
MPEG4 320×240 (11 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (17 kB)
fussball
Rod - 90% of the speed of light
In section: The Ball is Round
MPEG4 320×240 (41 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (66 kB)
fussball
Rod - 90% of the speed of light
In section: The Ball is Round
MPEG4 320×240 (89 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (153 kB)
fussball
Bisected spheres - 99% of the speed of light
In section: The Ball is Round
MPEG4 320×240 (300 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (608 kB)

Sights that Einstein could not yet see - visualization of relativistic effects

tompkins
Sphere (slow)
In section: What does an object look like when moving at nearly the speed of light?
MPEG4 (57 kB)
tompkins
Sphere (length contracted at 0.95 c)
In section: What does an object look like when moving at nearly the speed of light?
MPEG4 (49 kB)
tompkins
Sphere (Visual appearance at 0.95 c)
In section: What does an object look like when moving at nearly the speed of light?
MPEG4 (49 kB)
tompkins
Sphere (Visual appearance at 0.95 c without length contraction)
In section: What does an object look like when moving at nearly the speed of light?
MPEG4 (89 kB)
tompkins
Moving cubes
In section: Rotation
MPEG4 320×240 (122 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (234 kB)
tompkins
Fly by of Saturn
In section: Distortion
MPEG4 (139 kB)
tompkins
Approaching lattice (slow)
In section: Distortion
MPEG4 320×240 (343 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (680 kB)
tompkins
Approaching lattice (0.9 c)
In section: Distortion
MPEG4 320×240 (438 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (1.0 MB)
tompkins
Receding lattice (0.9 c)
In section: Distortion
MPEG4 320×240 (1.0 MB), MPEG4 640×480 (2.9 MB)
tompkins
Rod (0.9 c)
In section: Distortion
MPEG4 320×240 (89 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (153 kB)
tompkins
Rod (0.9 c)
In section: Distortion
MPEG4 320×240 (43 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (72 kB)
tompkins
Sun fly by
In section: Changes in colour and brightness
MPEG4 (99 kB)
tompkins
Rolling wheel (0.93 c, view from the front)
In section: Static, rotating and rolling wheels
MPEG4 320×240 (526 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (1.1 MB)
tompkins
Rolling wheel (0.93 c, view from the left)
In section: Static, rotating and rolling wheels
MPEG4 320×240 (603 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (1.5 MB)
tompkins
Rolling wheel (0.93 c, view from the right)
In section: Static, rotating and rolling wheels
MPEG4 320×240 (303 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (668 kB)

Rolling Wheels

rad
Rolling wheel (0.93 c, right view)
In section: Rolling Wheels
MPEG4 320×240 (303 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (668 kB)
rad
Rolling wheel (0.93 c, front view)
In section: Rolling Wheels
MPEG4 320×240 (526 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (1.1 MB)
rad
Rolling wheel (0.93 c, left view)
In section: Rolling Wheels
MPEG4 320×240 (603 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (1.5 MB)

Brightness and color of rapidly moving objects: The visual appearance of a large sphere revisited

sphere
Flight past the sun
In section: Supplement
MPEG4 320×240 (77 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (154 kB)
sphere
Flight past the sun
In section: Supplement
MPEG4 320×240 (154 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (299 kB)
sphere
Flight past the sun
In section: Supplement
MPEG4 320×240 (157 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (311 kB)

Through the city at nearly the speed of light

tuebingen
Sprint
In section: Through the city at nearly the speed of light
Quicktime (1.4 MB), AVI (1.7 MB)
tuebingen
Round trip
In section: Through the city at nearly the speed of light
Quicktime (7.3 MB), AVI (4.2 MB)
tuebingen
Moving pinhole camera
In section: Riding along the Marktgasse
MPEG4 320×240 (23 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (34 kB)

Visual observations in high speed flight

aur
Flight through the Brandenburg gate (slowly)
In section: Two snapshots taken in high speed flight
MPEG4 320×240 (330 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (810 kB)
aur
Flight through the Brandenburg gate (0.9 c)
In section: Two snapshots taken in high speed flight
MPEG4 320×240 (320 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (806 kB)
aur
Flight through the Brandenburg gate (0.99 c)
In section: Two snapshots taken in high speed flight
MPEG4 320×240 (328 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (783 kB)
aur
Moving pinhole camera
In section: Simple explanation by means of a moving pinhole camera
MPEG4 320×240 (23 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (34 kB)

Accelerated motion

beschleunigt
Accelerating to 90% of the speed of light
In section: Accelerated motion
MPEG4 320×240 (386 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (1.2 MB)
beschleunigt
Accelerating to 0.9% of the speed of light
In section: Accelerated motion
MPEG4 320×240 (282 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (672 kB)

Flight through a Wormhole

wurmlochflug
Flight through a wormhole (short)
In section: Flight through a Wormhole
MPEG4 320×240 (1.0 MB), MPEG4 640×480 (6.9 MB)
wurmlochflug
Flight through a wormhole (long)
In section: Flight through a Wormhole
MPEG4 320×240 (5.1 MB), MPEG4 640×480 (32.2 MB)

The "Real" Einstein Ring

einsteinring
The real einstein ring
In section: The Real Einstein Ring
MPEG4 320×240 (94 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (355 kB)

Röntgenpulsare

xpulsar06
Entstehung der Pulsformen (ohne Lichtablenkung)
In section: Herkunft der Strahlung, Lichtablenkung
MPEG4 320×240 (95 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (157 kB)
xpulsar06
Entstehung der Pulsformen (mit Lichtablenkung)
In section: Herkunft der Strahlung, Lichtablenkung
MPEG4 320×240 (126 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (261 kB)
xpulsar06
Reprozessierung
In section: Reprozessierung
MPEG4 320×240 (89 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (195 kB)
xpulsar06
Hohle Akkretionssäule
In section: Akkretionsstrom
MPEG4 320×240 (98 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (221 kB)
xpulsar06
Akkretionsvorhang
In section: Akkretionsstrom
MPEG4 320×240 (126 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (254 kB)
xpulsar06
Versetzte Pole
In section: Ein verzerrtes magnetisches Dipolfeld?
MPEG4 320×240 (126 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (257 kB)

Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime

ssm
Neutron star
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG4 320×240 (299 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (928 kB)
ssm
Orbiting a massless sphere
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG4 320×240 (164 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (390 kB)
ssm
Orbiting a neutron star
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG4 320×240 (210 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (517 kB)
ssm
Ring around a black hole
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG4 320×240 (201 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (712 kB)
ssm
Rotating ring
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG4 320×240 (307 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (837 kB)
ssm
Rotating ring around a black hole
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG4 320×240 (431 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (1.2 MB)
ssm
Massless sphere with accretion column
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG4 320×240 (242 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (543 kB)
ssm
Massless sphere with accretion column
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG4 320×240 (258 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (588 kB)
ssm
Neutron star with accretion column
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG4 320×240 (328 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (810 kB)
ssm
Neutron star with accretion column
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG4 320×240 (525 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (1.3 MB)
ssm
Gravitational collapse of a neutron star
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG4 320×240 (217 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (690 kB)
ssm
Gravitational collapse of a neutron star
In section: Four-dimensional ray tracing in a curved spacetime
MPEG4 320×240 (430 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (1.3 MB)

Sector models - A toolkit for teaching general relativity: I. Curved spaces and spacetimes

sectormodels1
Euclidean Space
In section: Online Resources
MPEG4 320×240 (111 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (233 kB)
sectormodels1
Black Hole
In section: Online Resources
MPEG4 320×240 (140 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (303 kB)

First-person visualizations of the special and general theory of relativity

ejpvis
Moving cubes
In section: Supplement
MPEG4 320×240 (122 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (234 kB)
ejpvis
Moving pinhole camera
In section: Supplement
MPEG4 320×240 (23 kB), MPEG4 640×480 (34 kB)

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Authors: Ute Kraus, Corvin Zahn, Date: 2018-05-12 01:28:12
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